Why is God called Father? Basic Bible Truths Lesson 5

Lessons About God-His Names and God the Father

In lesson 4 we explored the nature of the Trinity of God. How is it that God is three Persons that are all equal? We can only understand this so much with the human mind. However, it is important to study what the Bible says about God and who He is since it is He we worship and who gave us our salvation. This lesson wraps up the section in these Basic Bible Truth series that are Lessons About God. In today’s lesson we talk about 3 main names of God and how He is considered Father to all believers. Next month we will learn more about the deity and humanity of Jesus.

Have you ever thought about what the name God or Lord mean?

\Or what they meant in the original language of the Old Testament?

Have you ever wondered about why believers refer to God as Father?

Well that’s what we will discuss today.

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The Importance of Names in the Bible

We have established in past studies that the Bible is a revelation from God. Therefore, names of God in the Bible are names that He has revealed to us through His Word. Names that he has chosen to disclose so we can know more about Him and His personality and nature.

Many people in the Bible had names of significance and some of them were given name changes by God when exceptional life changes occurred. Abraham became Abram for example when God promised he would be the father of many nations (Genesis 17:1-8).

God is known by three main names in Hebrew (original language of the Old Testament). These names are ElohimAdonai, and Jehovah. When the Bible was translated to King James version the authors used a simple coding system to indicate which name is being used. Lord with capital “L” is for Adonai. God with capital “G” is for Elohim. And LORD or GOD in all capitals is for Jehovah. NASV and NIV adhere to this rule as well.

Each name indicates a truth about God so they are each important. He revealed Himself in different ways to men of that time, such as the smoke over the ark or glory that filled the temple. These names are different ways He reveals Himself in the written word. And if people in the Bible had names of importance and names that changed with life events; God’s names are important.  

Learn about the names of God


Names of God


This name of God (Adonai-Lord) appears hundreds of times in the Old Testament. It is used to indicate Divine authority and dominion. When used regarding people it is referred to as lord or master and indicates authority (Genesis 23:6; Genesis 24:10).

This name indicates the master-servant relationship with God. He has sovereign authority as Lord and we are to be obedient.


Elohim-written as God is His most frequently used name. Refers to God as “the Strong One”, the one to be feared and reverenced. God is a plural word, therefore revealing Himself as the Trinity. It is used twice during creation when God states that He will create man in our image, referring to the Trinity (Genesis 1:26).

Although it is used in the plural in reference to the Trinity, the Bible also clearly states that God is one God. Also, the Hebrew word used in this passage from Deuteronomy is a word that indicates that something is made up of unified parts. So we know that God is unified as the Trinity.

Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one! Deuteronomy 6:4


Jehovah means the eternal, self-existing God.

And God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM” Exodus 3:14


God is a constant. From beginning to end. Jehovah is the one name that is solely used when referring to God. Elohim and Adonai are used to refer to people at times but Jehovah is solely for God’s use and is more personal.

That they may know that You, whose name alone is the LORD, are the Most High over all the earth Psalms 83:18

The Importance of the Trinity

Although God is referred to as God the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit of the Trinity, this in no way implies that one is greater than the other. All three are equal in power, authority, attributes, and essence. Even though we may study one we are really discussing God in Three Persons always since He is one.

The Son became flesh (a servant) to come to earth to save us. The Holy Spirit comes to serve and lives within His believers. Three Persons, one God, one purpose.

God the Father

God is referred to as a Father in the Bible many times. He has a fatherly nature, He is the Father of humanity because he created all humanity, but His greatest Fatherhood is for His believers.

Through believing in God and confessing that He died for our sins we become God’s children. We can have an intimate and real relationship with Him.

But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, to those who believe in His name; who were born, not of blood, nor of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God. John 1:12-13

When we trust that Jesus Christ is our savior we have a new birth in Jesus Christ and become true children of God. We become heirs to His Kingdom and temples of the Holy Spirit.


We can trust that God is our Father if we truly believe and have confessed we believe. We can walk with God knowing that Jesus Christ came to die on the cross for us, and the Holy Spirit will live within us. God is amazing and our minds will never fully comprehend the relationship of God Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. That is beyond our understanding. What we can do is trust in God. Know more about Him through what He has revealed in His Word and study His book so we are equipped with His words in our life.

I hope this encourages more in depth Bible study for you. I would love you to share in the comments something you have learned. Feel free to reach out by email as well. And don’t forget to sign up to my email list. You will receive a topic guide for these Bible studies as well as updates when I post anything.



Christine G.

For your own benefit you might also want to examine some of the compound names of God. A few of these are: Jehovah-jireh – the Lord will provide (Gen. 22:14); Jehovah-Rapha – the Lord that healeth (Ex. 15:26); Jehovah-Shalom – the Lord our peace (Judges 6:23-24); El Shaddai-Almighty God (Gen. 17:1); El Olan-everlasting God (Gen. 21:33).

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